Annalena Altarpiece

   Virgin and Child, with 6 Saints
   [1430?]

   Left:  Sts. Peter Martyr, Cosmas, Damian;
   Right:  Sts. John the Evangelist, Lawrence, Francis.  
   180 x 202 cm (5' 11" x 6' 10")(excluding predella)                       
   Museo di San Marco,
   Florence, Italy

   (Aiwaz)  (largest)                                                                                                 

   (WGA, larger, without predella)






[Note: 

[Two altarpieces with predellae focusing on Sts. Cosmas and Damian: 
       San Marco Altarpiece;
       Annalena Altarpiece (this one). 


Predella:   has 6 panels; plus 2 blanks spaces (one at each end). 
[Note: San Marco predella devotes 8 panels to C&D?)  

SEE Wikipedia (Italian) page. 

[Note: Aiwaz does not have the individual panels of the predella]

[Compare to predella of the San Marco Altarpiece . . . ]

1:  Receipt of money (for healing of Palladia?) by . . . .

2:  Sts. Cosmas and Damian Before [the proconsul Lysias?]

3:  St. Cosmas and St. Damian Saved from Drowning

4:  [Saved from the fire?]

5:  Crucifixion and Stoning of SS. Cosmas and Damian

6:  The Beheading of St. Cosmas and St. Damian,

I pilastrini della cornice erano decorati da alcune tavolette con santi a figura intera, oggi sparsi in più musei: la National Gallery di Washington, la National Gallery of Ireland, il Louvre.





image
 


   
1:  Receipt of money (for healing of Palladia?) by . . . .
2:  Sts. Cosmas and Damian Before [the proconsul Lysias?]
3:  St. Cosmas and St. Damian Saved from Drowning

4:  [Saved from the fire?]
5:  Crucifixion and Stoning of SS. Cosmas and Damian
6:  The Beheading of St. Cosmas and St. Damian (new)




  Predella:  6 scenes, Lives of Sts. Cosmas and Damian.  

  (Fra Angelico painted two altarpieces with Sts. Cosmas and Damian featured in the predella: the San Marco Altarpiece and this one).

La pala è dotata di predella con Storie dei santi Cosma e Damiano, protettori dei Medici. Degli otto pannelli originali se ne conoscono solo sette:

  • San Damiano riceve denaro
  • San Cosma e San Damiano davanti al proconsole Lisia, in loco
  • San Cosma e San Damiano salvati dall'annegamento, in loco
  • San Cosma e San Damiano vanamente condannati al rogo, in loco

  • San Cosma e San Damiano vanamente crocifissi e lapidati, in loco
  • Martirio dei Santi Cosma e Damiano, in loco
  • Probabile pannello con la Sepoltura dei santi Cosma e Damiano, perduto
  • Guarigione del diacono, a Zurigo, Kunsthaus








 
Virgin and Child, with 6 saints (Annalena Altarpiece)
c. 1445  [Aiwaz: c. 1437-1440]
180 x 202 cm
Museo di San Marco, Florence,


Much in common with the San Marco Altarpiece:
    - Sacra Conversazione
    - Predella:  Cosmas and Damian

Similarities:  The method of space projection remains basically the same and relies on the receding rectangles of the steps to the throne and of its cornice.

An element common to both altarpieces is the use of a carpet running across the back of the picture parallel to the picture plane.

Diffs: 

- Unlike the San Marco altarpiece, however, there are no angels here; and the Virgin and Child are in the company only of

Sts Peter Martyr, Cosmas, Damian,

John the Evangelist, Lawrence and Francis.

- Background:  Although they have left their individual panels, never to return, there is still an echo of these in the blank arches of the wall which closes the back of the picture.


- The high wall and its pink cornice run the full width of the panel.

- The natural world, which was the setting of the first altarpiece, is now confined to the grass and flowers at the very front of the picture.

- There is no carpet on the ground here and the foreground is much shallower than in the earlier work.


Aiwaz

Ency Brit:  of the 1430s; is, so far as is known, the first sacra conversazione (i.e., “sacred conversation”;

But:  This is Angelico's second [?] sacra conversazione, and shares many elements in common with its forerunner, the San Marco altarpiece.

The painting got the name from its original location, the Convento di San Vincenzo d'Annalena, which had been founded by Annalena Malatesta.