Virgin and Child, San Marco Altarpiece

1438-40 
220 x 227 cm.  (7' 2" x 7' 5")
Museo di San Marco, Florence

World Gallery of Art:
     Info page 
     Larger image

Early Sacra Conversazione!

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Additional information:

Wikipedia - lots of info

WGA: entirety:  http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/a/angelico/07/index.html


SEE Duke's auction catalog - lots of info re this altarpiece. 

V&C, plus lots (San Marco),

plus 9 predella (Cosmas and Damian), 1438-40
Sacra Conversazione;  (plus 6 saints, sep. panels?)


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Subsequent history (from WGA): 

The San Marco Altarpiece was removed and dismembered in the seventeenth century during the renovation of the church belonging to the Convent of San Marco [and dedicated to the two medical saints, Cosmas and Damian?]

In addition to the main painting representing the Virgin and Child Enthroned with Angels and Saints, there were 9 predella pictures, seven in the front and two on the lateral sides. Only two of the predella paintings remain in the Convent; all the others are now in different museums (in Washington, Dublin, Paris and Munich).

Based on the results of thorough research, scholars have agreed in the reconstruction of the altarpiece.

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1:  Main panel: 



Virgin and Child with 8 Saints and Angels, plus Crucifixion
(San Marco Altarpiece)
1438-40
220 x 227 cm.  (7' 2" x 7' 5")
Museo di San Marco,
Florence, Italy

Left "panel":  St. Lawrence, St. John the Evangelist, St. Mark;

Center "panel": Virgin and Child, with angels on each side;

Right "panel": St. Dominic, St. Francis, St. Peter Martyr.  

Additional elements:

Left, front: St. Cosmas (turned, facing viewer);
(Note: It is believed that the depiction of St. Cosmas is actually a portrait of his namesake, Cosimo de' Medici.)

Center, lower front: small Crucifixion with a golden background.

Right, front:  St. Damian.   

Aiwaz:

Larger image

Aiwaz:
     Info page
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[From WGA: 

This is the main painting of the altarpiece, called San Marco Altarpiece. It represents the Virgin and Child Enthroned with Angels and 8  Saints. 

It was executed for the main altar of the church belonging to the Convent of San Marco and dedicated to the two medical saints, Cosmas and Damian.

The altarpiece, one of the most grandiose of the Quattrocento altars, was executed after the decision of Cosimo de' Medici in 1438 to transfer to Cortona the triptych which served as main altar of the convent church.

Note:  The Crucifixion was immediately above the Lamentation / Entombment.  (See Wikipedia, Symbols section.) 

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2:  Pilaster panels: 8 saints 


St. Jerome

World Gallery of Art:
     Info page
     Larger image


http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/a/angelico/07/panel_.html

http://www.wga.hu/art/a/angelico/07/panel6.jpg

St. Anthony Abbot

Art Institute of Chicago:
     Info page
     Larger image
St. Bernard 
(not Benedict?)


World Gallery of Art:
     Info page
     Larger image

St. Roche

World Gallery of Art:
     Info page
     Larger image

St. Romuald


World Gallery of Art:
     Info page
     Larger image

St. Thomas Aquinas

World Gallery of Art:
     Info page
     Larger image

Unknown (Dominican) Saint
St. Vincent Ferrer


Pilaster panel:

St. Anthony Abbot, Art Institute of Chicago, 1440-41

image

St. Romuald, c. 1440, Minneapolis Institute of Arts (from the San Marco Altarpiece)

image

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3:  Predella: Lives of Sts. Cosmas and Damian; plus Entombment (9 scenes) 

9 predella (1 Christ, 8 Cosmas and Damian), 

Note: Fra Angelico painted two altarpieces with Sts. Cosmas and Damian featured in the predella: the Annalenna Altarpiece and this one, the San Marco Altarpiece.)  

[Two altarpieces with predellae focusing on Sts. Cosmas and Damian: 
       San Marco Altarpiece;
       Annalena Altarpiece

 
(WGA page:  http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/a/angelico/07/altar_sm.html) 

The predella pictures depict the story of Saint Cosmas and Saint Damian on eight small panels.  The ninth, located in the centre, represents the Entombment.

1: Healing of Palladia, Gift;  (NGA)
     2: C&D before Lisius;  (Munich, Bayerische, Alte Pin.)
     3: Salvaged; (Munich)
     4: Condemned, in fire;  (Dublin)
    [5: Lamentation / Entombment; (Munich)
     6: Crucified and stoned;  (Munich)
     7: Beheading;  (Louvre)
     8: Burial (San Marco)
          9: Healing of Justinian (San Marco);

(Wash, D.C., Dublin, Paris, Munich (4), San Marco (2))

Note: 2 of the predella paintings are at the San Marco museum. (the two on the far right) 

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Aiwaz -

1:  Healing of Palladia
c. 1438-1440
36.2 x 46.3 cm (painted surface), 38.1 x 47.5 (panel)
Washington, National Gallery of Art

Aiwas:
Info page
Larger image
2:  Sts. Cosmas and Damian before Lycias  (Sultan in center?)
c. 1438-1440
38 x 45 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Bayerische Staatsgemaldesammlungen
Munich, Germany

Aiwaz:
Info page
Larger image
3:  Sts. Cosmas and Damian - Saved?  Building - upper right; 
Alte Pinakothek
Munich, Germany

WGA -
Info page
Larger image
4: Sts. Cosmas and Damian are to be burned alive
c. 1438-1440
36 x 46 cm
National Gallery of Ireland
Dublin, Ireland

Aiwaz:
Info page
Larger image
5:  Entombment of Christ
(Also called: Lamentation over the Dead Christ)

c. 1438/1440
38 x 46 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Bayerische Staatsgemaldesammlungen,
Munich, Germany

Aiwaz:
Info page
Larger image

Pinakothek: 
Entombment of Christ

Kress (zoom):  link

6:  Sts. Cosmas and Damian Crucified and Stoned 
Alte Pinakothek
Munich, Germany

WGA:
Info page
Larger image


7:  Sts. Cosmas and Damian beheaded
c. 1438-1440
36 x 46 cm
Musee du Louvre,
Paris, France

Row of watchers on left, with building in background.
Martyrdom - heads off. 
Trees in mid-upper-rt. 

Aiwaz (note: image is reversed from actual appearance): 
Info page
High-resolution image

8:  Burial - Curvy camel 
Museo di San Marco,
Florence

Aiwaz:
Info page
Larger image

9:  Healing of Deacon Justinian  (nice room)
c. 1438-1440
37 x 45 cm
Museo di San Marco,
Florence

Aiwaz:
Info page
High-resolution image




 
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